This is a question that makes me ask myself if the global political and economic power of the world will massively change in the future. For all of human history up until this point 2 things were needed for a nation to be successful on the world stage: Manpower and resources to feed industry. This is why every superpower in history has had a large or at least a decent population. It’s really just a simple matter of math: More people: More output from the nation’s factories and also more taxpayers.
But with the advent of AI and robots, I wonder if this basic economic law will be turned on it’s head. Not only will robots make it possible to expand the economy without population growth (or even in-spite of negative population growth), but having a large population will actually become a burden! Think about it, which state is more likely to have the economic and military advantage: A large nation with a large robot force, or a small nation with an equally large robot force? Even if both had similar amount of robots the former will have to waste more of it’s resources on feeding and housing it’s people, where as the smaller nation is free to to just build more war machines and or other industries that aren’t needed for it’s own people.
Take for example nations like Canada which control huge regions of land and have lots of resources, and yet don’t have a massive population. Could a nation like that become a major power because of AI and robots sometime this late century?